189 Skilled Independent.
The 189 visa is a points tested skilled workers, permanent visa who are not sponsored by an employer or family member or nominated by a state or territory.
190 Skilled Nominated Visa. This visa is also a points tested, permanent visa for skilled workers who are nominated by a state or territory government agency.
489 Regional Sponsored Temporary Visa. the 489 allows skilled workers to live and work in specified regional areas in Australia for up to four years.
485 Graduate Visa. The 485 is for international students who have recently graduated from an Australian educational institution.